The Iranian History 226 AD


Eternal Fire Decorates Coins Of Iran

Jun, 11, 226 AD

Ardeshir Babakan Palace Firouzabad PersisArdeshir Babakan, the founder of the Sassanid dynasty announced a golden coin bearing the embossed image of the Eternal Fire in a cup standing on a pedestal as the official coin of Iran. He began minting those coins in 224 in Persis.The Eternal Fire which is an important symbol of Zoroastrian religion signifies light of Ahouramazda for eternity. Zoroastrianism thus became the official religion of the Sassanid empire for more than 400 years. In Iran, separation of religion from state did not seem to have occurred unless for some short periods of time; the rulers mostly wanted to base their legitimacy on some sort of divine destiny rather than public will. However, the Iranian nationalism which was based on a historical and cultural rather than a racial or regional background soon created one of the most powerful dynasties of the time that could stand Roman expansionism at the peak of its power. Although the ancient religion of Mithraism became of great importance for some time even with the Romans, building of fire altars throughout the country shows the significance of the official religion in the eye of the Sassanid rulers which collapsed against the Caliphate invasion in 637. (Updated: Mar, 12, 2008)

Beginning Of The Sassanid Dynasty

Sep, 26, 226 AD

Bisotoun BridgeAccording to some historians, Sassanid dynasty begins on this date with Ardeshir I (226-241) when he enters Tisfun and ends with death of Yazdgerd 3 in 652. Sassan means keeper of the fire in Estakhr's Anahita temple.
According to the legend, Sassan was a nobleman from Indian or Achaemenid descent who became king Babak's shepherd and later married his daughter giving birth to Ardeshir I, founder of the Sassanid dynasty.
Ardeshir I was ruler of Estakhr, a vassal kingdom of the Parthian dynasty.
After Ardeshir extended his realm into Kerman to the east and Elam to the west, he defeated the Parthian ruler of Khuzestan in a battle. In 226 Artabanus V invaded Fars to defeat Ardeshir but he lost the first battle. The Parthians suffered a greater loss in the second battle. The final battle in Hormoz, near Bandar Abbas was decisive. In which the Parthian army was completely defeated and Artabanus was killed. Ardeshir and Artabanus fought in close combat on horseback. Ardeshir shot Artabanus through the heart while pretending to be escaping. This fighting technique was originally invented by the Parthians.
Artabanus IV marched against him in 224 and the two armies clashed at Hormozgan where Artabanus IV was killed. Ardeshir then defeated the disintegrating Parthian vassal states and finally brought the 480 year-old Parthian Empire to an end. His coronation in 226 as the Shahanshah marked the beginning of the Sassanid Empire.
The Sassanid dynasty ruled for four centuries until overthrown by the Caliphates in 651. (Updated: Dec, 5, 2007)

Ardeshir Marries Mitra

Oct, 3, 226 AD

Silhouette of a Chariot running towards Tisfun PalaceArdeshir Babakan, the founder of the Sassanid Empire who had just proclaimed Shahanshah married Mitra the daughter of Vologases V who was succeeded by his son Vologases VI, but another son Artabanus IV rebelled. Ardeshir I defeated Artabanus IV in 226 and conquered the eastern provinces of Parthia. He then defeated Vologases VI who maintained himself in Babylonia until 228.
Ardeshir I first wanted to choose Kerman as his capital where he built a castle but he changed his mind and set Tisfun his capital. His success over the Parthian Empire partially was due to internal power struggles within the Parthian court that led to corruption and losing popular support to the extent that much concessions were given to Romans for peace. Ardeshir's marriage to the daughter of a Parthian king was a political move; for creating legitimacy and thus people would recognize his successors as king. However, many love stories have been told about romance between Ardeshir and Mitra in eastern and western literature.
Ardeshir I was the mastermind of resurgence of Iranian peoples as a unified nation through a strong political centralization and organized state sponsorship of Zoroastrianism.
Ardeshir I died in 241, after attempting to fight a tiger over a dispute . (Updated: Oct, 4, 2008)

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