The Iranian History 245 AD


Foundation Of Caspian City

Nov, 3, 245 AD

Shapour Statue BishapourThe city of Caspian (Qazvin) was built in 3 years following an order from Shapour I in Nov, 3, 245. Shapour I built many great cities naming them after himself such as Neishabour but respecting the Caspian people that lived in this region named it Caspian. Ironically the Caspian sea is called Khazar which were a tribe once living in northern parts of the Caspian sea also known as Mazandaran sea.
Qazvin flourished under Muslim rule in the 7th century. Chengiz Khan laid waste to the city, but it later revived and was made the capital of Persia (1548-98) under the Safavid dynasty.
In the late 18th century Qazvin became a base for foreign trade with areas of the Caspian Sea, Persian Gulf, and Anatolia. A coup was launched from Qazvin in 1921 that led to Iran's consolidation under Reza Shah Pahlavi. (Updated: Nov, 3, 2012)

English-Persian Glossary
  • Chengiz Khan : چنگيز خان(Chinggis Khan, Temüjin, Genghis Khan) تموچين
  • Persian Gulf : خليج فارس کَنداب پارس Media_Files
  • Caspian Sea : درياي کاسپين Media_Files
  • Mazandaran : مازندران(Tabarestan) طبرستان، تپورستان Media_Files
  • Neishabour : نيشابور(Neyshabour, Neishapour,Nishapur) نيشابور، نشابور. نشاپور. نيشاپور. نيسابور. نيوشاهپور Media_Files
  • Reza Shah : رضا شاه(Sardar Sepah, Reza Gholdor) رضا خان Media_Files
  • Anatolia : آناتولي(Asia Minor,Anadolu,Turkey) ترکيه،آناتولي Media_Files
  • Persian : فارسي(Farsi,Parsi) ايراني پارسي Media_Files
  • Shapour : شاپور(Shapur,Shahpur) شاهپور Media_Files
  • Caspian : کاسپين(Caspian Sea, Mazandaran, Khazar Sea) بحر خزر، درياي مازندران Media_Files
  • Safavid : صفوي Media_Files
  • Pahlavi : پهلوي(Pahlevi) Media_Files
  • Persia : ايران Media_Files
  • Muslim : مسلمان(Moslem) مسلم‌ Media_Files
  • Khazar : خزر
  • Qazvin : قزوين(Ghazvin, Caspian) کاسپين Media_Files
  • Khan : خان Media_Files
  • Iran : ايران Media_Files
  • Shah : شاه پادشاه‌ Media_Files

Latest Additions to Iranian History Chronicle: