The Iranian History 420 AD


War Starts With Romans

May, 12, 420 AD

Derafsh KavianiTheodosius II the Roman emperor started a war with Iranians that lasted for 2 years. Before the war, the best Roman garrison was appointed to seize Derafsh Kaviani in order to demoralize the Iranian soldiers but all attempts failed. The flag was 50x70 centimeters, On top there's Farvahar, embossed figures are made using gold and silver and precious stones such as emerald and ruby are placed in a manner that the reflection of the sun is seen from far away as it's located on a hilltop during the wars. Three rows of soldiers in a circle protect it the whole time. Derafsh Kaviani once fell in the hands of enemy during the Ghadesiya war in 637 ending the Sassanid empire. (Updated: Feb, 7, 2008)

Bahram 5. Proclaims King

Nov, 18, 420 AD

A painting depicting Sassanid king Bahram 5 showing off hunting skills by hitting a deer with an arrow that tied its foot to its ear, a poem by Nezami Ganjavi. Azadeh, Shah's maid who challenged the king is playing her harp in disbelief.Bahram 5th also known as Bahram Goor proclaimed kingdom nine days after his father Yazdgerd was accidentally killed by a horse-kick. Bahram V was the fourteenth Sassanid King (421–438).
Iranian nobles, mostly clergymen did not want him as king because 1. his father gave freedom of religion to all faiths. Bahram was from a Jewish mother named Soushandokht. According to the legend Bahram retrieved the crown from between two lions where it was located as a test of competence. The story is narrated in detail in Shahnameh of Ferdowsi. Bahram Goor is a great favorite in Persian literature and poetry.
In the year 421, knowing the power vaccum associated with a new king, the Romans sent their general Ardaburius with an extensive contingent into Armenia. Ardaburius defeated the Persian commander Narseh and proceeded to plunder the province of Arzanene and lay siege to Nisibis. Ardaburius abandoned the siege in the face of an advancing army under Bahram, who in turn besieged Theodosiopolis in Osroene. With a winning card in Bahram's hand, peace was then concluded between Iran and Roman Empire (422) with a return to status quo ante bellum.
Bahram defeated many enemies in his time and people believed he was alive and did not choose a new king even two years after his disappearance while hunting. (Updated: Nov, 18, 2012)

English-Persian Glossary
  • Soushandokht : سوشندخت
  • Theodosius : تئودوسيوس
  • Ghadesiya : قادصيه(Qadesiyeh,Battle of Qadesiyyah) نبرد قادسيه
  • Shahnameh : شاهنامه(Epic of Kings) Media_Files
  • Ferdowsi : فردوسي(Ferdosi,Firdusi or Firdousi) Media_Files
  • Farvahar : فروهر(Forouhar,Faravahar)
  • Sassanid : ساساني(Sasanian) Media_Files
  • Bahram V : بهرام پنجم
  • Yazdgerd : يزدگرد(Izdekerti,Yazdegerd,Isdigerd) Media_Files
  • Arzanene : آرزانن
  • Bahram 5 : بهرام گور(Bahram-e Goor) بهرام پنجم Media_Files
  • Kaviani : کاوياني Media_Files
  • Nisibis : نصيبين(Nusaybin) نيسيبيس
  • Armenia : ارمنستان(Armanestan,Armenistan) Media_Files
  • Iranian : ايراني‌ اهل‌ ايران‌ ، وابسته‌به‌ ايران‌ Media_Files
  • Persian : فارسي(Farsi,Parsi) ايراني پارسي Media_Files
  • Osroene : اوسروئن
  • Jewish : يهودي كليمي‌ Media_Files
  • Narseh : نارسه
  • Roman : رومي Media_Files
  • Goor : گور
  • Iran : ايران Media_Files

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