The Iranian History 622 AD


Heraclius Defeats The Iranian Army

Dec, 9, 622 AD

Copper plate shows Sassanid Khosrau Parviz submitting to Roman emperor Heraclius (Cherub: an angel on the left is watching) Khosrau started a in 602 that lasted for 25 years and exhausted both the Sassanid and the Byzantine Empires.Bringing the True Cross from Jerusalem to Tisfun had made Christians angry. Roman emperor Heraclius used this occasion to use the gold in churches for mintage and gathered a great army including Turkic Khazar mercenaries.
Emperor Heraclius transported his army through the Aegean sea and took the Sassanid army by surprise. The encounter took place at a strategic ground near the small river town of Issus below the difficult inland mountains, now in the Turkish Province of Hatay. During the battle, also known as the Third Battle of Issus the Iranian army was defeated and retreated to Tisfun.
Khosrau 2 was jailed and killed after 4 days by the council of the elite and his son Ghobad was seated on the throne. This is the beginning of the end of the Persian Empire.
Muslims interpret this defeat of Persians by Romans as the prophecy in the al Rum Sura of Quran . (Updated: Dec, 1, 2007)

English-Persian Glossary
  • Iranian Army : ارتش ايران Media_Files
  • Jerusalem : اورشليم(Ghods,Qods,Beytolmoghaddas) بيت المقدس Media_Files
  • Heraclius : هراکليوس Media_Files
  • Sassanid : ساساني(Sasanian) Media_Files
  • Khosrau : خسرو(Osores,Khosro) Media_Files
  • Iranian : ايراني‌ اهل‌ ايران‌ ، وابسته‌به‌ ايران‌ Media_Files
  • Persian : فارسي(Farsi,Parsi) ايراني پارسي Media_Files
  • Tisfun : تيسفون(Ctesiphon, Tisfoun) مدائن Media_Files
  • Khazar : خزر
  • Ghobad : قباد(Qobad, Kavadh) کي قباد Media_Files
  • Quran : قرآن(Koran,Qoran,Ghoran) Media_Files
  • Roman : رومي Media_Files
  • Issus : ايسوس Media_Files
  • Hatay : هتاي
  • Army : ارتش Media_Files

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