The Iranian History 630 AD


Ardeshir 3. Died

Apr, 27, 630 AD

Artaxerxes III ChronicleArdeshir 3 died when he was only 9 years old in mysterious way. It was the time of all kinds of conspiracy in the Sassanid royal family. People were corrupt and a power struggle had devastated the kingdom. Discrimination in a class based society that did not observe people's rights had also led to general public dissatisfaction. Thus the king was only a puppet in the hands of few power thirsty noblemen so to say. Ardeshir 3 was the son of Ghobad 2 and had been chosen king at the age of 7 after his father was mysteriously killed too. An army general named Shahrbaraz who was the cause of at least some of the misery by stealing the original cross from Jerusalem started ruling the country thus leading to gossips on being a conspirator. Shahrbaraz was killed after 44 days and Javanshir ascended the throne. (Updated: Aug, 21, 2010)

Pourandokht Becomes Queen

Jun, 9, 630 AD

Kermanshah Taghebostan Relief Sassanid44 days after the mysterious death of Ardeshir 3, the army Sepahbod Shahrbaraz who was ruling the country was slain and the country entered turmoil. Khosrau 3., a nephew of Khosrau Parviz proclaimed king in Khorasan but he was slain by the governor soon after. Javanshir, a son pf Khosrau Parviz made a claim to the crown but he was known as a foreign puppet.
In this situation, Pourandokht, the daughter of Khosrau Parviz was chosen by the noblemen from among many princes as the most suitable person for the crown. As the 31st Sassanid ruler, she could not save Iran from a collapse that followed corruption in the royal family and general public dissatisfaction from the situation. She tried her best to rule the country in justice, this she declared in a letter sent to all corners of the kingdom: she ordered taxes to be written off, minted new coins, and started maintaining economic infrastructure such as roads and bridges, but her efforts proved to be in vain and her reign lasted for only 16 months.
The Romans who had sided with all enemies of Iran and had caused heavy damage during recent battles also had been given enormous concessions. In Dec, 631, Pourandokht signed a peace treaty with the Romans but her reign lasted for only 16 months. The glorious Sassanid dynasty was to go under Caliph Rule in just 21 years. (Updated: Mar, 9, 2008)

Iran Signs Peace Treaty With Romans

Dec, 25, 630 AD

Taghebostan Bisotoun Embossed King Hunting wild boarThe Sassanid Dynasty was in a turmoil and Queen Pourandokht was trying to take the vast empire out of this dead-end. Therefore she proposed a peace treaty to Romans which was accepted and signed later on Dec, 29, 630. Citizens were totally unpleased with the class based society they were living in, there was injustice and judicial system had become corrupt. In some parts of Iran, the regional rulers had begun coinage of their own which was totally against the monetary policy of the empire. The news of Caliphates' dominance over the Arabic Pennisula was heard and an emminent attack from south was predictable. But the queen could not bring unity to a male-dominant society where power stuggle was at it's peak; the Persian empire was falling apart. (Updated: Dec, 29, 2007)

English-Persian Glossary
  • Khosrau Parviz : خسرو پرويز(Khusrau II) Media_Files
  • Pourandokht : پوراندخت Media_Files
  • Ardeshir 3 : اردشير سوم(Artaxeres III,Ardashir III)
  • Shahrbaraz : شهربراز(Shahrvaraz)
  • Jerusalem : اورشليم(Ghods,Qods,Beytolmoghaddas) بيت المقدس Media_Files
  • Javanshir : جوانشير
  • Sassanid : ساساني(Sasanian) Media_Files
  • Khorasan : خراسان(Khorassan) Media_Files
  • Ardeshir : اردشير Media_Files
  • Sepahbod : سپهبد(Spahbod) اسپهبد
  • Khosrau : خسرو(Osores,Khosro) Media_Files
  • Persian : فارسي(Farsi,Parsi) ايراني پارسي Media_Files
  • Dynasty : دودمان ال، خاندان پادشاهان، سلسله Media_Files
  • Arabic : عربي تازي
  • Parviz : پرويز Media_Files
  • Ghobad : قباد(Qobad, Kavadh) کي قباد Media_Files
  • Iran : ايران Media_Files

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