The Iranian History 641 AD


The Battle Of Nahavand

Feb, 20, 641 AD

Above:The last photograph from Sassanid Nahavand Castle  taken by Naseroddin Shah Qajar before destroying it in search of treasures. The images below show the main gate that was only accessible through a bridge.Following the decisive defeat at the Battle of Qadesiya, the Sassanid Empire began disintegrating. Yazdgerd 3 somehow succeeded in gathering an army. The king however preferred to stay in Isfahan while Iranians, leaded by General Firouzan gave another battle to invading Caliph forces. There are inconsistent, sometimes exagerating accounts about the size of forces on each side. For sure, Nahavand castle did not have a capacity of more or less 20,000 soldiers.
Although they were outnumbered by the enemy, Iranians fought a battle so bravely that the invading army lost some of their best commanders. When Caliph Omar received the news, he asked tribal leaders to send their best men to Nahavand while the city was under seige in order to prevent any help to the patriots defending themselves. Nahavand resisted for about a year. In the end, Iranian blood poured like water, making the ground so slippery that cavalries could not prevent their horses from falling.
In the Islamic history, this battle is called the victory of all victories, emphasizing its importance. After the fall of Nahavand, other Iranian cities started falling one by one except some areas near the Caspian Sea. (Updated: Nov, 27, 2009)

Sepahan Becomes Isfahan

Oct, 31, 641 AD

Taarikhaane, First Iranian Mosque near Damghan. It's a historical building that used to be a fire altar in before the Arab invasionThe city of Sepahan which hosted the greatest Iranian garrison was captured by the Arab Muslim army. The same army had defeated king Yazdgerd 3's army in Nahavand. While Sepahan was resisting to receive help, the king himself was fleeing towards west. The city was divided into two districts which were called Jay and Jewish. Because the Arabic language lacks 4 letters including 'P', Sepahan was renamed as Isfahan. (Updated: Jan, 2, 2009)

English-Persian Glossary
  • General Firouzan : ژنرال فيروزان
  • Caspian Sea : درياي کاسپين Media_Files
  • Yazdgerd 3 : يزدگرد سوم(Yazdgerd III) Media_Files
  • Nahavand : نهاوند(Nihavand,Nehavand) Media_Files
  • Qadesiya : قادسيه(Ghadasiyeh,Battle of Ghadesiya,Qadisiyah) Media_Files
  • Sassanid : ساساني(Sasanian) Media_Files
  • Yazdgerd : يزدگرد(Izdekerti,Yazdegerd,Isdigerd) Media_Files
  • Sepahan : سپاهان(Isfahan)
  • Iranian : ايراني‌ اهل‌ ايران‌ ، وابسته‌به‌ ايران‌ Media_Files
  • Caspian : کاسپين(Caspian Sea, Mazandaran, Khazar Sea) بحر خزر، درياي مازندران Media_Files
  • Isfahan : اصفهان(Esfahan, Sepahan,Esparan) اسپه دانه، اسپهان Media_Files
  • Islamic : اسلامي Media_Files
  • Muslim : مسلمان(Moslem) مسلم‌ Media_Files
  • Arabic : عربي تازي
  • Jewish : يهودي كليمي‌ Media_Files
  • Arab : عرب
  • Jay : جي

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