The Iranian History 838 AD


Babak Khorramdin Executed

Jan, 7, 838 AD

Babak Khorramdin's Castle on top of a mountain in East AzerbaijanBabak Khorramdin introduced a new social and religious doctrine and rose against the Abbasi Caliphate with a revolutionary movement that stormed through north and northwest Iran. Babak was finally defeated by Caliph Forces leaded by a fellow Iranian general named Afshin the son of Kavoos. While he was trying to flee, he was arrested on Aug, 3, 837 A.D. in Armenia.
Babak was sent to Samara. After months of torture, the Abbasi Caliph Al Motasem ordered his execution on Jan, 4, 838, by cutting his arms and legs and hung the rest of his body outside the Samara city gate for display. His head was sent to be displayed in Khorasan. Uprisings against Arab invaders had just accelerated; Babak, Maziar, and Afshin were three of the rebel leaders in northern Iran fighting against rulers in Baghdad. Babak was a follower of Mazdak at the same time, asking for social justice and equal rights. Babak's followers who were mostly from Azerbaijan area used to wear red uniforms resembling the red communist movements centuries later. It's notable that Iranians living in northwestern Iran remained loyal Zoroastrians until the Safavid dynasty.
Maziar and Afshin also were captured and executed in a cruel manner which had become the style of Abbasi Caliphs.
Babak Khorramdin's Castle on top of a mountain in Kalibar, East Azerbaijan is the tourist attraction. Babak's Statue is erected in several cities in Greater Iran. (Updated: Sep, 30, 2008)

Afshin Wins Battle Of Anzen

Jul, 21, 838 AD

Abbasid forces led by Iranian General Afshin  defeat the Byzantine army at the Battle of Anzen on July 21, 838. Miniature from Madrid Skylitzes shows Emperor Theophilos retreating towards a mountain.After the Byzantine emperor Theophilus launched an attack against a number of Abbasi fortresses, Al-Motasem launched a well planned response. General Afshin defeated Theophilus on July 21, 838 at the Battle of Anzen at Dazimon with an army of 50,000 men. From there they advanced on the stronghold of Amorium, the largest city in Anatolia at the time, Spies informed the Caliph that one section of Amorium's wall was only a frontal facade. By concentrating bombardment here, Motasem captured the city.
However, Afshin’s star declined when he was arrested with charges of conspiracy against Motasem who had a special prison built for Afshin known as "The Pearl" and was in the shape of a minaret. There he spent the final nine months of his life and died in 841 at the time when the Red Revolution was spreading across Iran. (Updated: May, 17, 2011)

English-Persian Glossary
  • Safavid Dynasty : سلسله صفوي
  • Greater Iran : ايران بزرگ(Eranshahr)
  • Khorramdin : خرمدين Media_Files
  • Azerbaijan : آذربايجان(Atropatene) Media_Files
  • Caliphate : خلافت(khalifate)
  • Byzantine : وابسته به روم شرقي Media_Files
  • Khorasan : خراسان(Khorassan) Media_Files
  • Anatolia : آناتولي(Asia Minor,Anadolu,Turkey) ترکيه،آناتولي Media_Files
  • Motasem : معتصم(Motassam,Al Mutasim,Abu Ishaq 'Abbas al-Mu'tasim ibn Harun) معتصم گجستک،أبو إسحاق عباس المعتصم بن هارون
  • Dazimon : دازمان
  • Armenia : ارمنستان(Armanestan,Armenistan) Media_Files
  • Iranian : ايراني‌ اهل‌ ايران‌ ، وابسته‌به‌ ايران‌ Media_Files
  • Kalibar : کاليبر Media_Files
  • Amorium : آموران
  • Baghdad : بغداد Media_Files
  • Safavid : صفوي Media_Files
  • Afshin : افشين Media_Files
  • Maziar : مازيار ماه ايزد يار
  • Samara : سامرا(Samarra, Samera)
  • Abbasi : عباسي( Abbasid) Media_Files
  • Kavoos : کاووس(Qabus) Media_Files
  • Mazdak : مزدک Media_Files
  • Anzen : انزن Media_Files
  • Arab : عرب
  • Iran : ايران Media_Files

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