The Iranian History 931 AD


Hamedan Liberated By Mardaviz

Jul, 16, 931 AD

Ekbatan Ecbatana Hamedan smallMardaviz, the national hero who was a restless fighter trying to revive Iran and Iranian identity took back Hamedan from the Abbasi Caliphates on this day. Iran had became stage of several uprisings after fall of Hamedan which took place the same year as the defeat of Nahavand in 642. Hamedan had been one of three Persian empire capitals. Because of public discontent from class based society created during the Sassanid empire, no one had been able to unite people under one flag against the occupying forces. During the same period revolts against Caliph took place by Deylaman, Asfar, and Makan. After Hamedan, Kashan and Isfahan were taken back and Isfahan was announced the new capital. Mardaviz believed in importance of reviving the Iranian ancient culture in order to reconstruct national unity. Therefore he was keen on performing national celebrations such as Norooz and Yalda just the way there were performed by ancient Iranians. He was planning to deploy armies to Baghdad and continue the quest until the Caliph regime was totally subdued but his obsession with Persian traditions caused his murder by his non-Iranian servants while preparing for Norooz celebrations. (Updated: Sep, 15, 2008)

Iran Regains Independence

Dec, 2, 931 AD

Isfahan 33polThe Iranian forces leaded by Mardaviz Ziari defeated Abbasi forces near Isfahan, then entered the city and called Isfahan the capital of all of Iran. In a series of battles Arab Abbasi forces were crushed in Kashan, Hamedan and other central Iran cities. In a speech Mardaviz made for people, he pointed out the importance of speaking Farsi and keeping alive Iranian traditions. He pardonned everyone who had cooperated with the caliph and Arab rulers but underlined also that repeating any such action would be punished severely. He asked people to get rid of fear and lies that had been cause for all misfortune. Mardaviz was a real nationalist but was not ambitious for power. He was assassinated in 935 by foreign spies. (Updated: Dec, 3, 2007)

English-Persian Glossary
  • Nahavand : نهاوند(Nihavand,Nehavand) Media_Files
  • Mardaviz : مرداويز
  • Sassanid : ساساني(Sasanian) Media_Files
  • Deylaman : ديلمان(Deilaman) Media_Files
  • Iranian : ايراني‌ اهل‌ ايران‌ ، وابسته‌به‌ ايران‌ Media_Files
  • Persian : فارسي(Farsi,Parsi) ايراني پارسي Media_Files
  • Isfahan : اصفهان(Esfahan, Sepahan,Esparan) اسپه دانه، اسپهان Media_Files
  • Baghdad : بغداد Media_Files
  • Hamedan : همدان(Ecbatana,Hamadan) هکمتانه Media_Files
  • Abbasi : عباسي( Abbasid) Media_Files
  • Norooz : نوروز(Nowrooz,Noruz,Nevruz,Nawruz) Media_Files
  • Kashan : کاشان Media_Files
  • Ziari : زياري(Ziyarid,Ziarid Movement)
  • Yalda : يلدا(Winter Solstice) شب يلدا،شب چله Media_Files
  • Asfar : اسفار
  • Makan : ماکان
  • Farsi : فارسي(Persian,Parsi) پارسي Media_Files
  • Arab : عرب
  • Iran : ايران Media_Files

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