The Iranian History 963 AD


Mourning In New Lunar Years

Feb, 13, 963 AD

Silver Coin of Abolhasan Booyeh (932-967AD) given title Moezzoddoleh by Baghdad Caliph Al Mostakfi. The Buyid Family (Al-e Booyeh)  were originally fishermen from Deylaman area of Gilan who succeeded in taking back most of Iran.19 years after the fall of Baghdad, Ahmad Booyeh Deylami AKA Moezzoddoleh ordered mourning ceremonies during the first 10 days of Moharram , the first month in lunar year (352 LH). These ceremonies aimed to revive the memory of the Karbala event in which Imam Hossein and 72 of his followers were brutally massacred. The Ashura day has been an occasion for a festival of tears that unites the Shiites.
Iranians found themselves close to Shiite faith and created institutions supporting it. It took some centuries for Iranians to come up with a new identity based on Islam that could suit their own beliefs against systematic Pan-Arab assimilation. Iranians could then preserve their language and culture. (Updated: Jul, 29, 2008)

English-Persian Glossary
  • Moezzoddoleh : معزالدوله(السلطان معز الدولة أبو الحسين أحمد بن بويه) Ahmad Bin Booyeh Media_Files
  • Moharram : محرم(Muharram ol Haram) محرم الحرام Media_Files
  • Karbala : کربلا کربلاي معلي Media_Files
  • Baghdad : بغداد Media_Files
  • Deylami : ديلمي(Deilami) Media_Files
  • Ashura : آشورا(Ashoora) Media_Files
  • Booyeh : بويه(Bouyeh,Buyid Dynasty) آل بويه Media_Files
  • Shiite : شيعه(Shia, Shi'a) Media_Files
  • Islam : ‌اسلام Media_Files
  • Imam : امام(Emam) Media_Files
  • Arab : عرب
  • LH : ال اچ

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