The Iranian History 1576 AD


Ibrahim Mirza Killed

Jun, 20, 1576 AD

Ghotaboddin Heidar mausoleum built in 1579 in Torbat HeidariyehThe royal palace in Qazvin became scene of heinous conspiracies of a Safavi princess named Parikhan. She was the daughter of Shah Tahmasp and allegedly killed her own father by poisoning. Then her other brother Ismail Mirza became king. The other brother Heydar Mirza was decapitated.
But their uncle Ibrahim Mirza was against Ismail's reign because of the fact that the king lacked mental balance and had been kept in prison until his father, Shah Tahmasp's death. Ibrahim Mirza was an influential man of culture who was the governor of Khorasan and Herat for some time. His objection of Ismail 2's kingdom cost him his life after Parikhan and his brother plotted to assassinate him. This angered citizens of Khorasan and caused a revolt. Ismail then started eliminating rival princes that could claim the throne one by one.
Parikhan also killed Shah Ismail 2 by poisoning, putting an end to her brother's reign after less than two years. When Mohammad Khodabandeh ascended the throne, his wife Kheyrolnesa saw Parikhan as a threat and killed her on Feb, 27, 1578. (Updated: Apr, 4, 2008)

Shah Ismail 2.Ascends The Throne

Sep, 1, 1576 AD

A cow shaped Gorz (Mace) belonging to the Safavid king Shah tahmasp.Gorz was an ancient weapon in Iran which consisted of a heavy top, usually an Iron ball with sharp extensions that used to be mounted on a shaft or tied to a chain.Shah Ismail 2 was the fourth son of Shah Tahmasp of the Safavid Dynasty. Born in 1537, He was the governor of Shirvan in 15647. In 1556 he was the governor of Khorasan when he was arrested for plotting against his father and spent the next 20 years in the prison at the Castle of Qahqaha.
After the death of Shah Tahmasp on Aug, 22, 1576, Kizilbash leaders immediately killed his younger brother Heydar Mirza who was from the Shamloo family. After seeing the Crown Prince decapitated, some of his supporters were killed while trying to flee from capital Qazvin.
Kizilbash leaders freed Ismail from prison and installed him on the Safavid throne on Sep, 1, 1576.
Obviously, Ismail had spent his years in prison planning for revenge. He killed some of his brothers blinding others, and killed so many people that he got the title: blood-thirsty. But the last drop was his pro-Sunni policy which turned the Kizilbash against him. They plotted to assassinate Shah Ismail 2 with the help of his sister Parikhan who poisoned the king on Nov, 24, 1577. (Updated: Aug, 21, 2010)

English-Persian Glossary
  • Safavid Dynasty : سلسله صفوي
  • Shah Tahmasp : شاه تهماسب(Shah Tahmasb) شاه طهماسب يکم Media_Files
  • Crown Prince : وليعهد شاهزاده‌ ، نايب‌ السلط‌نه‌ Media_Files
  • Shah Ismail : شاه اسماعيل(Shah Esmael Safavi) شاه اسماعيل ختايي Media_Files
  • Kheyrolnesa : خيرالنسا
  • Kizilbash : قزلباش(Qizilbash,Ghizilbash) قزل برک
  • Khorasan : خراسان(Khorassan) Media_Files
  • Parikhan : پريخان(Pari Khan Khatun) پريخان خاتون
  • Tahmasp : تهماسپ(Tahmasb) طهماسب
  • Shirvan : شيروان(Shervan,Sherwan) شروان Media_Files
  • Shamloo : شاملو(Shamloo Tribe,Shamlou) ايل شاملو
  • Qahqaha : قهقهه
  • Dynasty : دودمان ال، خاندان پادشاهان، سلسله Media_Files
  • Safavid : صفوي Media_Files
  • Qazvin : قزوين(Ghazvin, Caspian) کاسپين Media_Files
  • Safavi : صفوي Media_Files
  • Sunni : سني(Sonni)
  • Mirza : ميرزا Media_Files
  • Herat : هرات(Areia) Media_Files
  • Shah : شاه پادشاه‌ Media_Files

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