The Iranian History 1598 AD


Shah Abbas Meets Shirley Brothers

Jun, 19, 1598 AD

Dehnarmak Carvansaray Garmsaar one of the 9999 inns constructed by a decree from Shah AbbasEnglish fortune hunters, the Shirley brothers met with Shah Abbas of Safavi dynasty in Qazvin, Iran's capital. Shah Abbas was seeking to modernize the army and decided to use the modern know-how. After signing a peace treaty with the Ottomans in 1589, he went to war with Uzbeks who had occupied Khorasan. Meanwhile he had reformed the structure of the army; instead of Kizilbash chiefs, he created a cavalry of Georgians and Armenians alongside Persians forming the infantry. He gathered the Turks royal to the king under the name Shahseven countering Kizilbash influence. After a great battle near Herat in 1597, Mashhad was liberated and Uzbeks were forced back to the other side of Jeyhoon. In 1599, a major army reform took place with introduction of rifles and cannons. 3 years later, he launched his first campaign against the Ottomans in 1602. His great offensive ended with regaining Baghdad in 1605 and the Ottomans had to give up Kurdistan and Shirvan in 1611. Meanwhile he sent his best General Allahverdi Khan to Bahrain which cleared the Persian Gulf from the Portuguese invasion in a short time. Then he diverted most trade from Hormoz to the newly built Bandar Abbas port flourishing commerce with British, Dutch and French merchants. These victories were gained at the cost of British access into the royal court that later became cause of much of modern time misery of the country. (Updated: Jan, 2, 2009)

Isfahan Becomes Iran's Capital

Nov, 12, 1598 AD

Isfahan NightsSafavid Shah Abbas (1588-1629) chose Isfahan as the new capital. His mother had been slaughtered in Qazvin, and he used this fact as a pretext to move the capital. However, the fact that the Kizilbash had a strong support in Qazvin, and that Isfahan was a more suitable place in terms of defense and trade may have played a more significant role in this decision for which preparations took 7 years. In official ceremonies on Norooz, Shah Abbas declared that Isfahan would stay Iran's capital forever. He gave out free land to foreigners to build embassies and trade centers and even opened a new area for new immigrants later called Abbasabad. During his reign he made his best attempts to turn Isfahan into the most beautiful city in the world; the result is one of the most important tourist attractions of Iran. One of his major achievements was creating a unified army and forcing the Portuguese out of Bahrain and the Persian Gulf. Isfahan had been declared capital once again in 931 by Mardaviz. (Updated: Aug, 15, 2008)

English-Persian Glossary
  • Bandar Abbas : بندر عباس(Gamberon , Bandar-e-Abbas, Bandarabbas,Gombroon) گامبرون،جرون Media_Files
  • Shah Abbas : شاه عباس Media_Files
  • Allahverdi : الله وردي اللّه وردي خان
  • Shahseven : شاهسون
  • Kizilbash : قزلباش(Qizilbash,Ghizilbash) قزل برک
  • Abbasabad : عباس آباد Media_Files
  • Kurdistan : کردستان(Kordestan) Media_Files
  • Mardaviz : مرداويز
  • Khorasan : خراسان(Khorassan) Media_Files
  • Shirvan : شيروان(Shervan,Sherwan) شروان Media_Files
  • Mashhad : مشهد(Mashad) Media_Files
  • Jeyhoon : جيهون( Oxus, Amudarya,Amu Darya) آمودريا
  • Shirley : شرلي Media_Files
  • Bahrain : بحرين ميش ماهيگ Media_Files
  • Persian : فارسي(Farsi,Parsi) ايراني پارسي Media_Files
  • Isfahan : اصفهان(Esfahan, Sepahan,Esparan) اسپه دانه، اسپهان Media_Files
  • Baghdad : بغداد Media_Files
  • Safavid : صفوي Media_Files
  • British : انگليسي Media_Files
  • Norooz : نوروز(Nowrooz,Noruz,Nevruz,Nawruz) Media_Files
  • Hormoz : هرمز Media_Files
  • Qazvin : قزوين(Ghazvin, Caspian) کاسپين Media_Files
  • French : فرانسوي Media_Files
  • Safavi : صفوي Media_Files
  • Dutch : هلندي
  • Herat : هرات(Areia) Media_Files
  • Khan : خان Media_Files
  • Iran : ايران Media_Files
  • Shah : شاه پادشاه‌ Media_Files

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