The Iranian History 1629 AD


Shah Abbas Dies

Jan, 19, 1629 AD

Chehelsotoon Palace and Garden of Isfahan was built during Shah Abbas I on a land 67000 sq.meters. Shah Abbas II added Mirror Hall, 18 column Hall, balconies, and the pool in front.Shah Abbas of Safavi dynasty died in Behshahr at the age of 58. He was given the title "The Great" for modernizing Iranian army and pushing back great enemies like Uzbeks and Ottomans extending the national borders from Tigris to Indus.
Yet, there's another side of the coin; he was very brutal. Even if that was the necessity of his time, he's said to have confronted a revolt in Georgia killing tens of thousands of people creating a hatred that may have been the cause of Georgia's separation from Iran.
He opened the door for European spies, specifically the British to infiltrate the Persian court.
He imprisoned his own father, blinded two of his brothers. Due to his obsessive fear of assassination, he killed one of his sons and blinded two other sons. It's been also said that; to deter enemies he's had the infamous raw eating executioners who would eat convicts alive. True or exaggerating, the Shah Abbas story reminds us of the fact that human history is full of unbelievable atrocities: "A hero to one nation is a murderer to another."
At its zenith, during the long reign of Shah Abbas the Great, the Safavid Empire included Iran, Iraq, Armenia, Azerbaijan Republic, Georgia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, and Pakistan.The result was a personal tragedy for Shah Abbas. When he died on Jan, 19, 1629, he had no son capable of succeeding him. (Updated: Mar, 10, 2008)

Shah Safi Ascends The Throne

Jan, 28, 1629 AD

Robert Shirley; wearing the exotic Persian clothes and his Circassian wife Teresia  wearing her native style of dress but also holds a pistol and a pocket watch, as symbols of European technology.Shah Abbas 1st, the 5th sovereign of the Safavian Dynasty died in Behshahr at the age of 58 on Jan, 19, 1629. His grandson, Sam Mirza was crowned at the age of eighteen taking the title Shah Safi on January, 28 1629.
Shah Safi was Shahanshah of Iran from 1629 to 1642. He was the sixth ruler of the Safavid Dynasty.
Safi was the son of Mohammad Bagher Mirza, the eldest son of Shah Abbas 1, and his wife Delaram. In 1615, Abbas had Mohammad Bagher killed, fearing he was plotting against his life. Over the next few years, the suspicious Abbas killed or blinded his other sons, leaving his grandson Safi heir to the throne.
Young Shah Safi went on the same path and ruthlessly eliminated anyone he regarded as a threat to his power; executing almost all the Safavid royal princes as well as leading courtiers and generals. He paid little attention to the business of government and had no cultural or intellectual interests because he was known to be illiterate. He preferred spending time drinking wine or smoking opium.
The dominant political figure of Safi's reign was Saru Taghi, appointed grand Vezir in 1634. Saru Taghi was incorruptible and highly efficient at raising revenues for the state.
Iran's foreign enemies took the opportunity to exploit Safi's perceived weakness. The Ottomans made incursions in the west in 1630 and 1634 and in 1638 they succeeded in capturing Baghdad. Apart from the Ottoman attacks, Iran was troubled by the Uzbek and Turcoman tribes in the east and lost Kandahar to Mughals in 1638.
Shah Safi died on May, 12 1642 and was succeeded by Shah Abbas 2nd. (Updated: Nov, 11, 2011)

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