The Iranian History 1724 AD


Ottomans Capture Hamedan

Aug, 31, 1724 AD

Ganjnameh Xerxes Inscriptions HamedanAs Afghans were plundering the cities of Iran and Russians advanced to take all Iranian provinces along the Caspian Sea, Ottomans also sought the opportunity to take a bite of the dead Safavid Empire. After defeating the remaining Safavid garrisons, the Ottomans captured Hamedan. The Azerbaijan front was leaded by the governor of Van. The following year some other cities were captured and the Ottoman army laid a siege on Tabriz but had to step back because of popular resistance. This gave the Ottomans the alibi to savage and pillage Tabriz after their conquest of that city. Then the Ottoman army took Urmia and Ardebil and thus completed Ottomans conquest of Azerbaijan.
Meanwhile scattered attacked from patriotic resistance groups that sought refuge in the mountains were all repelled because they did not have a strong leadership. Shah Tahmasp 2 who had escaped from captivity in Isfahan did not have necessary qualifications to lead an all out war in 3 fronts against Russians, Ottomans and Afghans. (Updated: Aug, 30, 2008)

Ottomans And Russians Divide Iran

Oct, 4, 1724 AD

The Music Hall at the Alighapoo Palace in Isfahan was designed to enjoy live musicAfter the fall of the Safavid Empire and during a period of chaos inside Iran, Russians and Ottomans capture northern Iranian territories. Negotiations started between the two states on Jan, 15, 1724. With French ambassador's mediation an agreement was reached on June, 24th by which Ottomans took Georgia, Shirvan and Azerbaijan including Tabriz, Urmia, Hamedan, Kermanshah, Nakhjevan and Erivan while Russians took control of Caspian provinces of Guilan and Mazandaran.
If Tahmasp 2 accepted this agreement, they'd recognize him as the Shah of Iran and Russian would help him push Afghan intruders out of Iran. At first both parties seemed to be satisfied with the deal at Iran's expense, but when Ashraf Afghan's army attacked Ottomans near Hamedan and offered to support Sunni Islam in Iran, a peace settlement was reached in Hamedan on Oct, 4, 1727 according to which the Ottomans recognized Ashraf as the Shah of Iran as he honored terms of the treaty between Russians and Ottomans. But soon tables turned and Nader Shah was to become the deliverer of Iran. (Updated: Sep, 1, 2008)

English-Persian Glossary
  • Islam in Iran : اسلام در ايران
  • Shah Tahmasp : شاه تهماسب(Shah Tahmasb) شاه طهماسب يکم Media_Files
  • Caspian Sea : درياي کاسپين Media_Files
  • Nader Shah : نادر شاه(Naderkuli, Nadergholi) نادرقلي افشار Media_Files
  • Mazandaran : مازندران(Tabarestan) طبرستان، تپورستان Media_Files
  • Azerbaijan : آذربايجان(Atropatene) Media_Files
  • Kermanshah : کرمانشاه(Bakhtaran) باختران Media_Files
  • Nakhjevan : نخجوان(Nahchivan, Nahjevan, Nakhichevan) Media_Files
  • Ardebil : اردبيل(Ardabil) آرتاويل
  • Tahmasp : تهماسپ(Tahmasb) طهماسب
  • Shirvan : شيروان(Shervan,Sherwan) شروان Media_Files
  • Ottoman : عثماني(Osmani) Media_Files
  • Iranian : ايراني‌ اهل‌ ايران‌ ، وابسته‌به‌ ايران‌ Media_Files
  • Georgia : گرجستان Media_Files
  • Caspian : کاسپين(Caspian Sea, Mazandaran, Khazar Sea) بحر خزر، درياي مازندران Media_Files
  • Isfahan : اصفهان(Esfahan, Sepahan,Esparan) اسپه دانه، اسپهان Media_Files
  • Hamedan : همدان(Ecbatana,Hamadan) هکمتانه Media_Files
  • Russian : روسي Media_Files
  • Safavid : صفوي Media_Files
  • Tabriz : تبريز(Tebriz) Media_Files
  • Ashraf : اشرف Media_Files
  • French : فرانسوي Media_Files
  • Erivan : اريوان(Yerevan,Iravan) Media_Files
  • Guilan : گيلان
  • Sunni : سني(Sonni)
  • Urmia : اروميه(Urmiya, Orumiyeh, Orumieh,Urma) Media_Files
  • Islam : ‌اسلام Media_Files
  • Iran : ايران Media_Files
  • Shah : شاه پادشاه‌ Media_Files
  • Van : وان Media_Files

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