The Iranian History 1873 AD


Naseroddin Shah In Berlin

May, 30, 1873 AD

Naseroddin Shah's coachNaseroddin Shah was the first Iranian king to visit Europe. Accompanied by Sepahsalar, the Prime Minister, some of princes, an English doctor, the photographer and royal servants, Naseroddin Shah left Rasht on boat on May, 12, 1873 for Saint Petersburg where he met Tsar Alexander 2. He left Russian territory on May, 30 to meet Wilhelm I and famous German chancellor Bismarck. Iran and Germany did not have diplomatic relationship until this time and the first commercial agreement between the two nations was signed in Saint Petersburg.
The Shah then went to Belgium where a group of British statesmen accompanied him to London. His majesty's entrance to London coincided with the Queen's 36th year coronation ceremonies. Naseroddin Shah then went to Paris before leaving for Switzerland and Italy. He then went to Austria and then travelled to Istanbul through Hungary. He met with Sultan Abdulhamid before returning to Iran. He arrived in Tehran on September 23d.
After his arrival, the king ordered some reforms to take place in state organizations such as employing a delegate of Austrians to organize Iran's postal services. (Updated: Oct, 23, 2008)

German-Iranian Friendship Treaty

Jun, 11, 1873 AD

First Bank Notes Iran GermanEven before diplomatic ties, unofficial relations had already taken root between the two nations: Germany and Iran. Goethe's dedication of his West-?stlicher Diwan (West-Eastern Divan) to Hafez in 1819 is an illustration of how far back such cultural ties went. German intellectual interest in Iranian culture, language, and poetry had led to a German-Iranian Friendship Treaty of friendship and commerce (shipping) between Prussia and Persia that was renewed between June, 6 and June, 11, 1873 between German Prime Minister Otto von Bismarck and Mirza Hossein Khan.
The German-Iranian relationship was cautious, because Bismarck understood that the area was under the domination of Russia and Britain. He agreed to open a German legation in Tehran in 1884.
Germany, which had largely remained out of The Great Game gradually established itself as such a candidate by the second half of the 19th century. During the establishment of Iran's first comparatively modern university, Amir Kabir for example, preferred the hiring of Austrian and German teachers as faculty for Darolfonoon. Even King Naseroddin Shah himself supported the idea of using Germans to serve at Darolfonoon School inaugurated in 1851, despite political pressures to the contrary.
In this regard, it is even written that the Chancellor always showed interest in discussing the structural system of Germany's government and society as a model for modernizing his country. (Updated: Nov, 24, 2012)

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