The Iranian History 1914 AD


Borrowing For Coronation Ceremony

Apr, 14, 1914 AD

Ahmad Shah Qajar EuropeA well depiction of the extent of misery the Qajar dynasty was in before coming to an end; The government announced borrowing One hundred thousand Liras from the British bank at regular interest rates in order to cover expenses of the coronation ceremony of Ahmad Shah, the last Qajar king-to-be on the 21st July when he'd reach legal age. (Updated: Jan, 24, 2008)

British Royal Navy Invests In Iran

May, 20, 1914 AD

Karoon River: A Boat sails towards Shushtar 1914It was inevitable for the British navy to switch from coal to oil. However, it was necessary to secure cheap and abundant resources. Churchill appointed admiral Edmund Slade as the head of a commission in order to investigate capabilities of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company. The commission pointed out in a detailed report on April, 6, 1914 that the oil fields north of Shushtar alone, had sufficient resources to provide requirements of the Royal Navy for a very long time, adding that the Anglo-Persian Oil Company was not able to exploit resources in the vast area mentioned in their agreement without increasing its capital.
The Great Britain Navy hence made an agreement with the Anglo-Persian Oil Company on May, 20, 1914 buying %51 of total shares of the company. The rights to supervise the operations alongside protection of investments were also given to Navy representatives. This agreement was presented to the House of Commons on June, 17, 1914 which was approved by absolute majority.
This is how the Anglo-Persian Oil Company lost its status as a private company and gradually became a powerful lever for political, economic, and strategic agenda of the British Imperialism which also created grounds for military interventions. In long term, Britain planned to separate these rich areas from the mainland and create Sheikhdoms that could more easily be maintained.
Another major change was that India became a lower priority in British foreign policy. This may be a major change in British national taste from spices to petroleum. (Updated: Sep, 21, 2009)

Majlis Third Term Begins

Dec, 6, 1914 AD

Qajar Sharafoddoleh was the representative of Tabriz in first Majlis term from Tabriz during the Constitutional Monarchy Movement. Full name :Mirza Ebrahim Khan Kalantari Baghmisheh (b. 1856, died March, 23, 1932)Parliamentary elections were held in Persia in 1914. The Democratic Party won 31% of the seats, whilst the Social Democratic Party won 24%. The new Parliament convened on 6 December.
The third Majlis term started on Dec, 6, 1914. But its life was short and did not last more than a year. During the World War I, Iran declared neutrality. Iran’s neutrality was disrespected by foreign occupation forces that invaded Iran. Russian occupation army which sought such an opportunity reached Qazvin in no time.
Ahmad Shah was undecided in relocating the capital when Russian armies were advancing towards Tehran. This raised concerns and led to riots. Afraid of Russian atrocities, people were running for their lives. A number of representatives fled to Qom and Kermanshah.
Majlis sessions could not be held due to lack of representatives and finally adjourned on Nov, 12, 1915. (Updated: May, 27, 2009)

English-Persian Glossary
  • Social Democratic Party : حزب سوسيال دموکراتيک
  • House of Commons : مجلس عوام
  • World War I : جنگ جهاني اول Media_Files
  • Imperialism : امپرياليسم‌ حكومت‌ امپراتوري‌ ، استعمار ط‌لبي‌
  • Parliament : پارلمان مجلس‌ ، مجلس‌ شورا Media_Files
  • Ahmad Shah : احمد شاه(Ahmad Shah Qajar) احمد شاه قاجار Media_Files
  • Kermanshah : کرمانشاه(Bakhtaran) باختران Media_Files
  • Churchill : چرچيل Media_Files
  • Shushtar : شوشتر(Shooshtar) Media_Files
  • Persian : فارسي(Farsi,Parsi) ايراني پارسي Media_Files
  • Britain : بريتانيا انگليس Media_Files
  • Russian : روسي Media_Files
  • British : انگليسي Media_Files
  • Persia : ايران Media_Files
  • Tehran : تهران(Teheran, Tahran) طهران Media_Files
  • Qazvin : قزوين(Ghazvin, Caspian) کاسپين Media_Files
  • Majlis : مجلس(Majles) Media_Files
  • Qajar : قاجار(Ghajar) قجر Media_Files
  • India : هند هندوستان‌ Media_Files
  • Iran : ايران Media_Files
  • Shah : شاه پادشاه‌ Media_Files
  • Qom : قم(Ghom) Media_Files

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