The Iranian History 1918 AD


Execution Of 14 Iranian Officers By The British

Jul, 13, 1918 AD

Darvazeh Shemiran 1900s WinterOnly four months to the end of the World War I, the British army executed 14 Iranian officers for no reason. Iran had declared neutrality before the war but the British and Russians invaded the country. In different parts of Iran, patriots had been naturally fighting against the occupying forces but they were not even treated as prisoners of war. The Europeans used to consider themselves as the masters of the world exploiting domestic resources using their military superiority. In the book Late Victorian Holocausts, the story of famines that killed between 12 and 29 million Indians between 1876-1878 is told. Meanwhile the imperial government launched a militarized campaign to collect tax accumulated during the drought. The money was used to fund war in Afghanistan. Far away in Africa, on Jan, 12, 1879 British forces wage war against the Zulu and seize their land. Iranians were not the only victims of colonization. (Updated: Jan, 12, 2008)

Civil Registration Office Founded

Sep, 24, 1918 AD

Vagon Asbi: Horse wagon late Qajar periodWithin the body of the ministry of internal affairs, an office for registration of four main events: Birth, Death, Marriage, and Divorce was founded. The office initially started distributing birth certificates among citizens in Tehran. On June, 14, 1925, a law was passed which obligated every citizen to register with the office and the ministry opened local offices in all provinces to facilitate the process. In 1928 another law was passed that gave the office the authority to act independently. The law also made it obligatory for every Iranian national older than 15 years of age to carry an identification card. In 1940, the office was given the authority to publish related statistics on 4 main events. In 1976, a general law regulating the Civil Registration Office passed the parliament. The whole registration system is old, slow, inefficient and inaccurate. Therefore some changes were presented to the law requiring every Iranian citizen to obtain a national identification card. The idea was to give every citizen a unique identification number, similar to the social security number in industrial countries in order to make it easier to access individual's information. But implementation of the new law which was passed in 1984 has been very slow due to lack of expertise and commonsense: a common disease within most state departments. (Updated: Feb, 11, 2009)

English-Persian Glossary
  • World War I : جنگ جهاني اول Media_Files
  • Iranian : ايراني‌ اهل‌ ايران‌ ، وابسته‌به‌ ايران‌ Media_Files
  • British : انگليسي Media_Files
  • Tehran : تهران(Teheran, Tahran) طهران Media_Files
  • Africa : افريقا
  • Iran : ايران Media_Files

Latest Additions to Iranian History Chronicle: