The Iranian History 1919 AD


Russian Obtains Fishery Concession

Jul, 20, 1919 AD

Boats row along remains of a deserted harbour in Caspian SeaFollowing the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917, Iran did not receive due payments and terminated the Shilat Agreement on June, 3, 1918. A Russian national named Gregor Petrovich succeeded in signing a new agreement with the Ministry of Agriculture, Commerce, and Commonwealth on July, 20, 1919 according to which Iran granted him an exclusive fishing license in Caspian Sea for a period of 20 years. Iran's share was %50 of total income excluding expenses, plus total payment of 1,000,000 Tomans distributed in first 5 years. During the following 15 years, a yearly payment of 500,000 Tomans was foreseen.
In May 1921, the agreement was annulled because the Russian side did not make payments and Shilat assets were confiscated. (Updated: Oct, 1, 2009)

Iran-Britain Treaty Signed Secretly

Aug, 9, 1919 AD

Reza Khan poses with a machine gun as Major in Hamedan in 1919Vosooghoddoleh, the prime minister of Ahmad Shah secretly signed a treaty with the British that gave them exclusive rights to use Iran's roads and railroads. The agreement also gave Britain the authority over Iran's military and financial institutions. Vosooghoddoleh and some other officials had been bribed to sign this treaty that would practically bring Iran under Britain's guardianship. After the world war I, the Ottomans who allied with the Germans were subdued and the Bolshevik revolution created a power vacuum in the region. Although Ahmad Shah was politically weakened, he refused to approve the deal and the parliament's approval was out of question. Public opinion finally forced Vosooghoddoleh to resign on June, 25, 1920 and Hasan Pirnia, the new prime minister officially declared cancellation of the agreement on Feb, 27, 1921. (Updated: Jan, 7, 2009)

Mohammad Reza And Ashraf Pahlavi Born

Oct, 27, 1919 AD

Reza Shah with his children Ashraf and MohammadrezaMohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran was born at the same time with his twin sister Ashraf in the Ahmadiyeh Hospital in Tehran. Their mother Tajolmolook was one of Reza Shah's four wives. Ashraf led a fast life and became a symbol of corruption in the royal family. She married 3 times, met with Stalin and Truman, and was arrested with a suitcase full of opium in Zurich. Such behaviors were very unacceptable in conservative Iranian society. True or not she became an icon as heiress of drug smuggling in Iran which in itself created public outrage and hatred towards the Pahlavi family which led to the 1979 revolution. Ashraf fled the country with an enormous wealth and currently lives in the U.S. (Updated: Jan, 9, 2012)

English-Persian Glossary
  • Gregor Petrovich : گريگور پترويچ گريگور پطرويچ وانتيسف
  • Ashraf Pahlavi : اشرف پهلوي(Ashraf ol-Molk)
  • Vosooghoddoleh : وثوق الدوله(Hassan Vosough,Vothuq al-Dowleh) حسين وثوق Media_Files
  • Reza Pahlavi : رضا پهلوي (دوم) Media_Files
  • Hasan Pirnia : حسن پيرنيا(Moshirolmolk, Moshiroddoleh) مشيرالملک، مشيرالدوله Media_Files
  • Caspian Sea : درياي کاسپين Media_Files
  • Tajolmolook : تاج الملوک(Tajolmoluk) Media_Files
  • Ahmad Shah : احمد شاه(Ahmad Shah Qajar) احمد شاه قاجار Media_Files
  • Ahmadiyeh : احمديه
  • Bolshevik : بلشويک
  • Reza Shah : رضا شاه(Sardar Sepah, Reza Gholdor) رضا خان Media_Files
  • Iranian : ايراني‌ اهل‌ ايران‌ ، وابسته‌به‌ ايران‌ Media_Files
  • Caspian : کاسپين(Caspian Sea, Mazandaran, Khazar Sea) بحر خزر، درياي مازندران Media_Files
  • Britain : بريتانيا انگليس Media_Files
  • Russian : روسي Media_Files
  • British : انگليسي Media_Files
  • Pahlavi : پهلوي(Pahlevi) Media_Files
  • Tehran : تهران(Teheran, Tahran) طهران Media_Files
  • Stalin : استالين Media_Files
  • Truman : ترومن(Atomic Harry) Media_Files
  • Ashraf : اشرف Media_Files
  • Shilat : شيلات
  • Zurich : زوريخ(Zürich)
  • Iran : ايران Media_Files
  • Shah : شاه پادشاه‌ Media_Files

Latest Additions to Iranian History Chronicle: