The Iranian History 1927 AD


First Fatal Car Accident In Iran

Feb, 22, 1927 AD

Khuzestan 1929: Reza Shah's automobile passes the Karoon River on the boats tied together. Despite its huge mineral wealth and natural resources, the area remained backwards due to British imperialistic policies.Gholamhossein Darvish aka Darvish Khan, a famous Iranian musician of the time became the first victim of a car accident in Iran. Automobiles had recently been introduced to Iranian streets and the total number of cars did not exceed 50. Therefore there was no obligation for having a driving license thus; most of drivers did not have essential qualifications besides terrible road conditions.
It was late at night. Mr. Darvish hired a carriage, a four-wheeled passenger vehicle pulled by two horses which was a common means of transportation of the time in order to return home from a musical performance. The carriage was turning from the Amiriyeh street towards north when suddenly it collided with a Ford coming from opposite direction. The horses died at the scene and Mr. Darvish who'd been thrown out of the coach was suffering from severe head injuries. He was rushed to the nearby Nazmiyeh hospital. Despite all efforts this great musician lost his life after five days.
Before him, the traditional Iranian music instrument taar had 5 strings. He introduced the sixth string and created new ways to making traditional Iranian music besides newly popular themes such as Polka. He was also the first person who founded music classes for women. (Updated: Apr, 29, 2008)

Majlis Approves National Banking Bill

May, 5, 1927 AD

Pahlavi Bank Melli Branches 1.Sari 2.Bandar Gaz 3.Tabriz 4.Shahi 5.Qazvin 6.MarkaziIn Iran, banking in its traditional form used to be done at exchange offices known as Sarraf. The idea of a national bank came up with inauguration of the Imperial Bank of Persia in 1890. However, in Qajar times major businesses were run with concessions given to foreign countries. Unfortunately, the Qajar royal court was corrupt and under the influence of foreign states, mainly Britain and Russia. The victory of Constitutional Monarchy Movement created a parliamentary system which was effective in Iranian political system for only a short period of time. Yet again, first terms of Majlis approved several bills and drafts that passed into law; creating substantial changes in Iran.
When the government needed Majlis approval for a foreign loan, national sentiments which had become sensitive against foreign states were the primary reason which urged deputies to agree on major outlines of a national bank. Iranians desired a bank that could bring profit and prosperity to people and the country and could stream national resources into development, production, and business. Bazaar merchants and Sarrafs were among people who undertook an initial capital.
The bill regarding foundation of the national bank finally passed into law on May, 5, 1927. The detailed statute was completed by July, 5, 1928 and Bank Melli of Iran was inaugurated on September, 11, 1928 with a capital of 20,000,000 Rials.
Iranian state economy currently absorbs most financial resources including that of the banks. Money is channeled to special people with connections and ordinary Iranians are once again despised of basic rights. Bank Melli is currently one of 3 major Iranian banks under international sanctions imposed by the U.S. The US administration adopted an aggressive policy against Iran after the puppet Shah was toppled, the price is being paid by civilians of both nations. (Updated: Oct, 1, 2009)

Cancellation Of Capitulation Rights

May, 9, 1927 AD

A caravan of horses, donkeys and mules carry the heavy load in front of the Majlis (parliament) around 1927. Iranian flags and two photos most probably from Reza Shah show a special event maybe acknowledging the Pahlavi dynasty founded in 1926.Capitulation was a privilege known for some foreign citizens giving them total immunity from trial in Iran. During the Qajar dynasty, Russians and British were at the top of the list of citizens who enjoyed the right. Capitulation was one of the essential tools for modern time colonization, however it is totally against national sovereignty of every country; because foreign citizens could commit any crime including assassination without the local authorities being able to arrest or bring them to justice. Such cases could only be settled in foreign consulates.
One year later on May, 10, 1928, Iranians were celebrating cancellation of capitulation as a national victory. Capitulation, partially came back to Iran in 1960s silently under the Pahlavi 2 giving American military officers same privileges. This coincides with the dark pages of CIA's conspiracies all over the world resulting in coups, kidnappings, torture, and general violation of civil rights. When it became a law passed by the parliament it triggered public uprisings. With the 1979 revolution, such agreements became history. (Updated: Sep, 5, 2008)

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