The Iranian History 1954 AD


Dr. Fatemi Arrested

Mar, 13, 1954 AD

Pahlavi era famous Iranian politician Prime Minister Dr. Mohammad Mosaddegh in Hospital visited by Dr. Hossein Fatemi, Minister of Foreign Affairs. A close associate of Mosaddegh, Fatemi proposed Nationalization of Oil and gas assets.On August, 19 1953, Mosaddegh's government was overthrown by a CIA-orchestrated coup d'état. On August, 14 Fatemi was expected to get arrested along with Mosaddegh and other close associates, but the first U.S.-led coup attempt failed. Fatemi was arrested by a Royalist group of officers and soldiers who were in such a hurry that he was not allowed to put shoes on, but he was released on the morning of the 15th and went directly to Mosaddegh's residence. Fearful of the apparent failure of the coup, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi immediately fled to Baghdad. In the aftermath of the first coup attempt, while Mosaddegh still remained a strong proponent of Constitutional Monarchy, Fatemi advised Mosaddegh to declare a republic in light of the failed coup attempt. Subsequently, Fatemi, in a fiery editorial in his newspaper Bakhtar-e Emrooz and a public speech, denounced the Shah as "a traitor to his country", a "venomous serpent", and a "coward".
On 19 August, the offices of Fatemi's newspaper were attacked and burnt down by mobs incited by an Iranian CIA agent. Later that day the second coup attempt succeeded. With Mosaddegh arrested, Fatemi went underground, taking shelter in a friend's house in Shemiran writing his memoirs, but he was discovered and arrested on March, 13, 1954. At that point, the junta regime decided to kill him and claim his death as an assassination by fanatics. A group of mob headed by Shaban Jafari was given the task. Shaban Bimokh and his friends attacked Dr. Fatemi at the Military Headquarters of Tehran. Saltanat Fatemi who was present at the scene got 10-11 stab wounds while trying to protect his brother. Knife strikes wounded Dr. Fatemi and he was taken to the hospital in the same Jeep that brought him to the scene. At the time, General Teymur Bakhtiar was the head of the military junta in Tehran.
Dr. Fatemi thus miraculously survived his second assassination attempt. About two years before, on Feb, 15, 1952 he had been shot by a 15 year old named Mohammad Mehdi Abdkhodayi, a member of Fadayian Eslam.
Dr. Fatemi was then tortured and he was put on a mock trial. He was convicted by a military court on October, 10 for "treason against the Shah" and sentenced to death. Many influential figures tried to stop his execution in vein.
Fatemi was executed by firing squad on 10 November 1954 in Tehran, when he was still suffering from fever and the injuries of the unsuccessful attempt of assassination on him. In his will, he appointed Mosaddegh the guardian of his only son, Cyrus.
Fatemi was buried in Ibn Babawayh Cemetery in Rhagae, near Tehran. (Updated: Mar, 5, 2013)

Legalizing The Oil Consortium

Mar, 28, 1954 AD

Tehran Bazaar 1954On March, 28, 1956 the Iranian minister of foreign affairs presented reports at the parliament reasoning why making oil sales contracts abroad does not conflict with the law regarding nationalization of oil, claiming that the law was related to utilization of oil inside Iran. This lifted all legal obstacles against the consortium which was mainly American and British to use oil resources. The representatives of the consortium arrived in Tehran on April, 11 and their negotiations with Iranian authorities started 3 days later. Ten years later on the same day, a report presented by the government stated that Iran's income from domestic and foreign sales of oil reached 2.5 billion dollars. (Updated: Dec, 17, 2007)

Dr. Fatemi Executed

Nov, 10, 1954 AD

Ayatollah Kashani poses with a group of people including Shaban JafariHossein Fatemi lived a very active political life. When he was young, he worked as a reporter for the Mard-E-Emrooz newspaper. While he was studying in France, the chief editor Mohammad Masood was shot dead on the street on Feb, 12, 1948 Dr. Fatemi returned to Iran to continue his work as a leftist journalist who was also opposed to Toodeh Party. On Feb, 15, 1952, at a ceremony commemorating Mohammad Masood, while he was making a speech, a 15 year old member of Fadayian Eslam shot him. He was taken to the hospital and survived the assassination attempt.
Fatemi was a representative at the parliament when Mosaddegh decided to cut ties with U.K. upon which the minister of foreign affairs submitted his resignation. Fatemi then became Mosaddegh's foreign minister. As a revolutionary person, he closed the U.K. embassy on Oct, 11, 1952 and dismissed all anglophiles from the ministry.
After the infamous coup on Aug, 19, 1953, he went hiding until he was found in Tajrish by the police on Feb, 25, 1954 in his pajamas. During his transfer from the police headquarters, he was attacked by the junta mob headed by Shaban Jafari and stabbed several times until his sister saved his life by throwing herself between him and the attackers, thus shielding his body against further beatings. He was then taken to hospital but the regime was to afraid of him and the Shah wanted him dead so much that Dr. Fatemi had to be taken to court proceedings by ambulance. He was sentenced to death on Aug, 16.
On Nov, 10, 1954, he was taken before the death squad while he was badly wounded and suffered from high fever. His last words were "I have no fear from death, specially such a graceful one. I die so that the new Iranian generation may take a lesson and protect their country with their blood and not let foreign spies rule over Iran" He was silenced with 8 bullets in his chest at the age of 34. (Updated: Dec, 9, 2008)

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