The Iranian History 1959 AD


Nehru Visits Tehran

Sep, 19, 1959 AD

India's Prime Minister Javaherlaal Nehru, Queen Sorayya, Mohammad Reza Shah, and Indian President Dr. Rajendra Prasad before their return from an official visit to India.Jawaherlaal Nehru visited Tehran with his daughter Indira Gandhi on Sep, 19, 1959 returning Shah's visit to India with Queen Sorayya. Shah's 1956 India visit was a sensational Safari trip where newspapers reported mostly on Royal couple's adventures in jungle. They rode by elephant to the Ganges, and hunted tigers and elephants. Sorayya was always the center of attention for the high society and subject of Paparazzi magazines because of his beauty and style.
In the years following independence, India's first Prime Minister Nehru frequently turned to his daughter Indira to look after him and manage his personal affairs. After the elections of 1952. Indira moved into Nehru's official residence to attend to him and became his constant companion in his travels. Indira would virtually become Nehru's chief of staff.
Nehru admired Reza Shah in a book he wrote in prison titled; Glimpses of World History, for his achievements but did not approve of his dictatorship. In less than ten years, roles changed and Nehru become India's leader while Reza Shah died in exile in British custody.
On the last day of his visit, Nehru said that Nikita Khrushchev's total disarmament plan deserved every consideration. In the midst of the Cold War, India leaned towards USSR, while Iran allied herself with the Western block.
Meanwhile, Mohammad Reza Shah got divorce from Sorayya and was preparing to marry Farah Diba.
After his death, Nehru's daughter and his grandson also served as Prime Ministers of India. (Updated: Apr, 14, 2010)

Mohammad Reza Shah Marries Farah

Nov, 22, 1959 AD

Mohammadreza Shah Farah Diba EngagementAfter Mohammad Reza Shah's first two wives could not give him a son, he marries his third wife; Farah Diba. Shah's marriage to his first wife Fouziyeh and their separation is a mystery but his second wife Sorayya was barren and a heir was needed for the crown. Shah who was also a well-trained pilot, proposed to Farah while they were touring on a helicopter above Tehran skies. Their marriage make the paparazzi headlines all over the world specially when Farah flew to France in order to order her wedding dress. Farah's first son was crown prince when the revolution took place. Shah and his family fled the country before the revolution.
Farah witnessed Shah's death in Egypt after travelling to Oman, Panama and U.S.A. She is currently active in charity work and received the Lindbergh grace and distinction award in 2005. (Updated: Dec, 25, 2008)

English-Persian Glossary
  • Prime Minister : نخست وزير رئيس الوزرا Media_Files
  • Queen Sorayya : ثريا اسفندياري(Soraya Esfandiari,Sureyya)
  • Indira Gandhi : اينديرا گاندي Media_Files
  • Khrushchev : خروشچف(Nikita Khrushchev)
  • Farah Diba : فرح ديبا(Shahbanou Farah Pahlavi) شهبانو فرح پهلوي Media_Files
  • Reza Shah : رضا شاه(Sardar Sepah, Reza Gholdor) رضا خان Media_Files
  • Paparazzi : پاپارازي
  • Cold War : جنگ سرد
  • Fouziyeh : فوزيه(Fawzia,Fouziye,Fuzieh) فوزية بنت فؤاد Media_Files
  • Sorayya : ثريا Media_Files
  • British : انگليسي Media_Files
  • Panama : پاناما
  • Tehran : تهران(Teheran, Tahran) طهران Media_Files
  • Safari : سافاري
  • France : فرانسه(République française) Media_Files
  • Egypt : مصر(Al Mesr) Media_Files
  • India : هند هندوستان‌ Media_Files
  • Oman : عمان(Umman) Media_Files
  • USSR : اتحاد جماهير شوروي(Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.)) Media_Files
  • Diba : ديبا Media_Files
  • Iran : ايران Media_Files
  • Shah : شاه پادشاه‌ Media_Files

Latest Additions to Iranian History Chronicle: