The Iranian History 1964 AD


Prime Minister Alam Resigns

Mar, 7, 1964 AD

Shiraz Asadollah Alam(middle) among important people of Fars Province.According to the source, 3 people in this photo(Naser Taheri, Hossein Gholi Rostam, Habibollah Shahbazi) were briefly executed after this meeting.Mohammad Reza Shah used to change Prime Ministers as casually as other men change suits. On March, 7, 1964, he courteously turned out Asadollah Alam, the 17th Premier in the Shah's 22-year reign, and appointed as Premier #18 elegant Hasanali Mansour with a degree in economics and political science from Paris University.
Until then, Alam was the longest serving minister of the Pahlavi era. In 1962, he became Prime Minister at the age of 43. Alam had spent 19 months in office as PM, taking over an empty treasury from his predecessor. Alam pledged to undertake an anti-corruption campaign with great diligence and all severity. He succeeded in building up a foreign exchange balance of more than $100 million.
In 1953, Alam helped organize the CIA-backed coup that overthrew Dr. Mohammad Mosaddegh.
The most important event in Alam's premiership was the riots that took place in June 1963 in response to some of the reforms enforced by the Shah and Alam. Iranian top clerics triggered riots during the Moharram holy days. Police struck back, arrested Khomeini and some 15 other ring-leaders. With that, both sides declared open war and the battle was on. For the first time in a decade, martial law was imposed on the city, along with a dusk-to-dawn curfew.
In 1964, Alam was appointed as Chancellor of Shiraz University and served host to the King of Belgium in his visit to Fars Province a few years later. Afterwards he was the minister of court for many years. (Updated: Nov, 4, 2011)

Imam Khomeini Freed From Prison

Apr, 7, 1964 AD

An old lady seen under posters of Ayatollah Khomeini and Behrooz VosooghiImam Khomeini's enthusiastic speech in the Madrasa of Feyziyeh against Capitulation which drew an ire in Savak was somehow the starting point of a revolution. Two days later, on June, 5, 1963, security forces broke into his house in Qom at 4:00 am and took him away. This event led to an uprising which is a turning point in the Iranian history. The Pahlavi regime brutally suppressed demonstrations.
Although Imam was kept under house arrest in Gheytariyeh, Shah came under such a criticism for jailing a prominent Shiite leader, that he was forced to free Imam Khomeini. Some Shiite leaders left Qom for Tehran and campaigned for his release.
On April, 7, 1964, a black Chevrolet which was escorted by some other cars stopped in front of the Fatemiyeh hospital near Imam's residence. Right after Imam stepped out of the car, colonel Molavi and some other officers left the place immediately. His surprise release caused joy among people. Ulama of Qom gathered around his house to congratulate him. Imam Khomeini talked to the audience until around 1:00 am before entering his house for rest. The following day, when the news of his release reached other cities, the crowd in the streets of Qom created a the scene was reportedly comparable to Ashura ceremonies.
Prime Minister Mansour's desire to have a better public acceptance which was not possible without support from clerics in Qom was probably his primary motivation to convince Shah for Imam Khomeini's release. (Updated: Oct, 1, 2009)

Civil Disorder In Fars, Troops Deployed

Apr, 17, 1964 AD

Two Iranian girls pose by an iconic statue in Darband 1964The Tehran radio announced that armed insurgents related to Ghashgha tribe simultaneously attacked several police stations in the Fars province at the same time. During the raids some people were killed and injured. The government announce deployment of troops to the region including the 4th gendarmerie regiment stationed in Tehran Soon, the leaders of this mutiny were arrested and sent to the military court. Their trials began in June. (Updated: Dec, 25, 2007)

Foundation of Shiraz University

Nov, 6, 1964 AD

Eram Garden & Palace in Shiraz went under supervision of Shiraz University after a bill was passed at the Majlis on June, 6, 1967. The garden became Eram Botanical Garden of Shiraz University.Shiraz University traces its roots to 1946, with the establishment of a technical college aimed at training specialists in the medical sciences with a four year program.
Initially called the High Institute of Health, it developed into a medical school in 1950. In 1953, the Namazi School of Nursing and the Colleges of Agriculture and Arts and Sciences were established.
With the addition of the College of Engineering and College of Veterinary Medicine in 1954, the school was elevated to university-status and named after the reigning Pahlavi Dynasty.
A draft bill regarding foundation of Pahlavi University of Shiraz was submitted to Majlis, the Iranian Parliament on Dec, 12, 1963. The bill in 18 sections was approved by Majlis on May, 27, 1964.
On Nov, 6, 1967 Mohammad Reza Shah showed off the construction of the campus project by pressing a button initiating an explosion in mountains near Shiraz. The head of the project was famous architect Minoru Yamasaki. The campus was completed after the Islamic Revolution in 1979.
Shiraz University is a prestigious public university and one of the major universities of Iran in Engineering known as the heart of science and technology in southern Iran, ranking among Top 5 Iranian universities. The Shiraz University has the second biggest campus in Iran after the Islamic Azad University. Currently the University has over 20,000 students, with 82 Bachelor's degree programs (B.A., B.S.), 175 Master's degrees programs (M.A., M.S.), one professional degree program (Doctor of Veterinary Medicine), and 79 Ph.D. programs.
Although the official language of instruction in Shiraz University is Persian, a large number of lecture materials, reference books, homework assignments and even exams are in English. This is especially true for the engineering school where electrical and electronics engineering, computer engineering, mechanical engineering, civil engineering, material science & engineering and chemical engineering programs introduce English textbooks to students as the main references. This makes sense because it usually takes a few years for translations of sources to be published which might already be outdated. (Updated: Oct, 24, 2012)

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