The Iranian History 1973 AD


CIA Director Ambassador To Tehran

Mar, 1, 1973 AD

Pahlavi Prime Minister, Amirabbas Hoveida is driving a Peykan, a domestic car. On November 7, 1978, Hoveida was arrested by order of Mohammad Reza Shah and was executed shortly after the Islamic Revolution in April, 1979.President Richard Nixon of the US named former CIA Director Richard Helms as Ambassador to Tehran. At a formal dinner party with Iranian Prime Minister Amir Abbas Hoveida, the Soviet Ambassador in Tehran, Vladimir Erofeyev asked Hoveida what he thought about the United States sending Iran a spy as ambassador. Hoveida mocked the Soviet Ambassador by saying that at least Americans send their No.1 adding that Erofeyev could not be more than spy No.10.
Minutes later, the Russian ambassador discovered an excuse to leave the dinner party.
Hoveida was the 70th Prime Minister of Iran in office between Jan, 26, 1965 until Aug, 7, 1977. On Nov, 7, 1978, Hoveida was arrested by order of Mohammad Reza Shah and was held under house arrest as a scapegoat for the past-ills of the crumbling regime.
On April 7, 1979, during brief executions by Ayatollah Khalkhali, known as the hangman, Hoveida was transported to Ghasr Prison, where Hojjatoleslam Hadi Ghaffari shot him twice in the neck and killed him. Yet several months after his death, his corpse was held in Tehran's morgue before it was secretly buried in Behesht Zahra cemetery as an unknown deceased.
It's been noted that Hoveida insisted on his innocence and questioned legitimacy of the Revolutionary Court. (Updated: Sep, 6, 2011)

Marmar Palace Becomes Museum

Oct, 30, 1973 AD

Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi posing for a photograph at the Marble PalaceThe construction of the Marmar palace with an infrastructure of 2870 square meters started in 1934 and was completed in 3 years by decree of Reza Shah. The architectural design of this two story building is a mixture of western and eastern styles. In 1970, the palace was designated as a museum. The area of 35,462 square meters had to be redesigned. Artifacts were gathered from around Iran. The last major party was an aircraft model, weapons, and military uniforms delivered by the army on October, 30, 1973.
There were some famous artists that worked in this palace such as Ostad Yazdi (tiling master), Hossein Lorzadeh (architect) and Ostad Behzad (painter). (Updated: Oct, 6, 2009)

Iran-USSR Air Combat

Nov, 28, 1973 AD

An IIAF Phantom II F-4D piloted by Keyvan Nourhaghighi and Javad Fakouri landing in Shiraz Airbase using its brake chute to assist in stopping on Apr, 16, 1974.On November 28, 1973, an RF-4C aircraft piloted by IIAF Major Shokouhnia and USAF Colonel John Saunders engaged a Soviet MiG-21 flown by Captain Gennadii N. Eliseev.
The Soviet pilot fired a Vympel K-13 missile at the Iranian aircraft, failing to destroy it. He pressed his attack, attempting to use his guns, only to find out that they were not functioning. Getting permission from ground control to attack in this manner he continued by ramming the Iranian aircraft but he lost his life in the process. He struck the RF-4C's tail assembly with his wing. This was the first deliberate jet to jet ramming by a Soviet aircraft during an interception, a practice common in the propeller age of WW2. Eliseev was posthumously awarded as a Hero of the Soviet Union. The crew of the RF-4C aircraft were captured by Soviet ground forces and released after 16 days.
The incident was an American scenario using Iran for a proxy war against USSR, also known as Project Dark Gene, it was an active, aerial espionage program run by the CIA and Imperial Iranian Air Force from bases inside Iran against the Soviet Union. The program was run in conjunction with Project Ibex, which was a more traditional ELINT mission. The first operations were during the 1960s with support of Iran's former Shah. Dedicated aircraft, air-bases and US personnel were stationed at numerous sites in Iran and would regularly fly across the border into the USSR through potential holes in their radar coverage. The intention of the program was to test the effectiveness of Soviet air defence and interception and resulted in one confirmed and possibly more combat losses in engagements with Soviet aircraft. (Updated: Sep, 14, 2012)

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