The Iranian History 1996 AD


Shiites Silenced In Bahrain

Jan, 28, 1996 AD

Qom Lights on Hz. Masumeh Mausoleum on his brother Imam Reza's BirthdayA resurgence of civil unrest in the Shiite Muslim villages that surround capital Manama was silenced by force in Bahrain. Hundreds of people were put in jail in connection with the disturbances. The arrests, including those of leading Shiite clerics, have added to political and sectarian tensions in a country where Shiites are the majority. Although the Shia population is twice the size of the Sunnis who are in power, they cannot experience their basic freedoms.
In December 1994, a Shia cleric was arrested and deported for circulating a leaflet signed by 20,000 people demanding the restoration of Bahrain's Parliament, which was dissolved in 1975.
The Manama government has accused Tehran of trying to stir up trouble among Shiites since 1979, and ordered an Iranian diplomat to leave the country. Iran denied any involvement in the unrest. Using Iran as a scapegoat to justify refusal to grant political rights to their people, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar and other Emirates also used the occasion as a propaganda tool to reinforce their positions. Bahrain's Caliphate denies a parliament, the most basic semblance of democracy through which people could have a say in shaping their future. Strongly backed by the West, countries created south of the Persian Gulf after WWII, practically remain as protectorates in essence. The U.S. also established its military presence in Persian Gulf states with the pretext of a dual containment policy towards Iran and Iraq.
On June, 6th, Bahrainis arrested in connection with a reported plot to overthrow the government said in televised confessions that they received military training in Iran and Lebanon and that they were gathering information on American forces in Bahrain, adding that they were trained by Hezbollah. Linking political dissidents to foreign countries has always been used as an accusation to justify suppressing voices of discontent and opposing groups.
Just like Afghanistan, Bahrain which used to be an Iranian province was separated in 1971 in a secret deal that Shah made with the UK to stay in power. Nevertheless, Bahrain is a ticking bomb with most residents of acknowledging their Iranian roots, wishing to re-integrate with Motherland Iran. (Updated: Apr, 11, 2009)

Farrakhan Visits Iran

Feb, 11, 1996 AD

US Minister Louis Farrakhan, The leader of American Muslims in a Sermon 2009. Farrakhan visited Iran in 1996.Louis Farrakhan visited Iran attending a rally marking the 17th anniversary of Iran's Islamic revolution. In a speech he made, he told the crowd tha their country had become a model religious democracy. He praised the Iranian model and added "If America wants the world to be democratic, Iran has had 17 elections", addressing Iran's elections since Iranians overthrew the U.S. backed Shah in 1979. The following day, he praised Iran's government as perfect and denounced the United States as The Great Satan, a term used by anti-American Iranians after U.S. hostilities to the present regime.
Farrakhan also denounced the U.S. Congress decision to allocate $20 million for covert operations in Iran and added that any attempt to destabilize the Islamic Republic would fail. The provision was part of an espionage $28 million spending bill. Farrakhan's Tehran visit came after his trips to Iraq and Libya, All countries at odds with Washington. His world tour came four months after his Million Man March edged him towards the political mainstream. Mr. Farrakhan said that his world friendship tour was intended to spread the message of self-help and personal responsibility that was voiced in October at the Million Man March on Washington.
The trips came as a severe blow to U.S. prestige and made the headlines in the U.S. F.B.I. started probing Farrakhan's Libya tie while harsh criticism by Mainstream Media followed. He challenged U.S. limits on travel for Americans and heated up congressional debate. The U.S. State Department assailed his visits to Iran and Libya accusing him of cavorting with dictators. The AIPAC was naturally one of the leaders of the lobby to condemn Farrakhan's trip. The magnitude of the propaganda against him, soon forced some black and Muslim organizations to distance themselves from him. African Americans have been targets of terror in the United States for over three hundred years. For over 200 years in U.S. black people were forced to live in enslavement, only to face another 100 years of lynching, legal racial discrimination, destruction of towns and business districts, and the unraveling of the Civil Rights laws; The source of Farrakhan's anger was clear. After the TWA Flight 800 went down, the U.S. demanded that Sudan, Libya, Iran and Iraq be immediately sanctioned as sponsors of worldwide terrorism. The very countries Louis Farrakhan called "our brothers". On his last stop on the trip Farrakhan met briefly with Cuban president Fidel Castro.
Louis Farrakhan later defended his tour and denied that he violated U.S. law by pointing out his constitutional right to freedom of religion. (Updated: Apr, 5, 2009)

Party Of God Strikes Israel Back

Apr, 9, 1996 AD

South Lebanon: Army of Iran backed Hezabollah (Party of God)  during the 33 days War with Israel destroys a Merkava TankIranian backed Hezbollah resistance army fired Katyusha rockets on Israel, as a response to massive air raids that caused many civilian casualties, Hezbollah thus waged a war in a relentless campaign to drive Israeli occupiers out of southern Lebanon.
Founded after an Israeli invasion in 1982, Hezbollah has stuck strong roots among Lebanon's estimated 1.2 million Shiite Muslims and is respected as the main resistance army feared by Israel. Trained by the Iranian elite revolutionary guards, the group waged a hit-and-run guerrilla war against the enemy and their local militia in a buffer zone that was set up by Israel north of its border when it was forced to withdraw most of its troops in 1985.
Running hospitals, charities, and cooperatives selling food at low cost, Hezbollah is more than a militia group as labeled by the enemy. It awards scholarships and offers interest free loans to the needy. In 1992 elections, Hezbollah won eight seats in Lebanese Parliament. The group has its own radio and television stations and has established itself as a potent social and political force in Lebanon,
Inspired by Iran, Hezbollah preaches eradication of Western political, cultural and economic influence, and liberation of Qods through jihad rather than fruitless peace negotiations that has served only puppet figures in Egypt and Jordan. Just like in 1993, the merciless bombing of Lebanon by Israel resulted in 500,000 people fleeing from their homes, while hundreds, nearly all civilians killed and wounded. Targets included an ambulance carrying already wounded people, Palestinian camps and a UN post where refugees were sheltering.
The British officials briefly justified the massacre and ethnic cleansing operation carried out by their client. The US, still acting as a British colony, blocked a UN Security Council resolution condemning Israel, supplying the Zionist state with the most advanced arms and technology aside from billions of taxpayer's dollars as financial aid.
Before the 1979 revolution, Shah was the most strong supporter of the Zionist regime in the Middle East. A major change in Iran's foreign policy in years following the regime change turned old friends into new enemies. Somehow Lebanon became the last front against Israel and Hezbollah resistance fighters gained stature. Iran, which used to be totally dependent on west, now broadcasts an alternative view to the Mainstream Media.
In June, Israel and Hezbollah swapped remains and prisoners but Israel's continuing sporadic air raids was a sign that although Iran has been blamed for running a proxy war in Lebanon, it's always been the west that has benefitted the most of the tensions, by selling arms. Although, in short term such deals may seem lucrative, the essence of martyrdom culture in Shiite faith is a basic point that has been ignored by policymakers and may lead to a war as long as the rest of the human history. (Updated: Apr, 6, 2009)

English-Persian Glossary

Latest Additions to Iranian History Chronicle: